RATIONAL EMOTIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPY (REBT)

RATIONAL EMOTIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPY (R E B T)
a)Introduction
The goal of rational emotive therapy is to show the client how his misinterpretation of events are causing him problems and to teach him to see things in a more rational manner and aid him in the process of adjustments .Rational Emotive therapy was developed by Albert Ellis .According to Ellis every human being who gets disturbed really is felling himself a chain of false sentences.
b)RATIONAL EMOTIVE THERAPY
Rational Emotive Therapy was developed by Albert Ellis. According to him human being is both rational and irrational.Irrationality is the cause of emotional problems, such as guilt,anxiety,anger and depression. Emotional problems cannot be separated from ideas. Ellis thinks that the mistake most people make us rating themselves.against other people and then labeling themselves.This prevents them from accepting their natural fallibility and almost always result in self contempt or in a defensive pose of superiority.
Ellis has developed his own made of behaviour which is called X, B, C model. ”A” is the activating event Vis the belief system and “C” is the emotional consequence. Here made “A” is not the cause of “C”rather W is the cause of C. According to Ellis every human being who gets disturbed really is telling himself a chain of false sentences. That is the way humans seem almost invariably to think in words, phrases and sentences and it I s these sentences which really constitute his neurosis.
1. It is absolutely essentional for an individual to be loved or approved by every significant person in his environment.
2. It is necessary that each individual be competent, adequate and achieving in areas of interest if the individual is to be worthwhile.
3. Some people are bad, wicked or villainous and these people should be blamed and punished.
4. It is terrible and catastrophic when things are not in the way an individual wants them to be.
5.Unhappiness is a function of events outside the control of the individual.
6.If something is dangerous or harmful, an individual should constantly be concerned about it.
7.It is easier to run away from difficulties and self responsibility than it is to brace oneself up to learn on.
8.Petty events in an individual‘s life determine present behaviour and cannot be changed.
9.An individual should be every concerned and upset by other individual problems.
10.There is always a correct and precise answer to every problem and it is catastrophic if it is not found.
c)The Goal
Regardless of what happened to the individual in the past,the therapist assures that the person is solely responsible for the way he feels about himself and this is responsible for his happiness. The goal of rational emotive therapy is to show the client how his misinterpretation of events is causing him problems and to teach him to see things in a more rational manner and aid him in the process of adjustments.
d)The process
In the initial interview the responsibilities of the counselor and the client are defined. The client is responsible for practicing any learning acquired during the counseling sessions. Practicing means home work.
e)Techniques Used
Rational therapists use a wide verity of techniques to correct the illogical and self –defeating goals and beliefs of the client. These include persuasion, confrontation, challenge, command, even theoretical arguments. They do not ‘baby’ their clients .He may go so far as to give ‘home work’ assignments encouraging the clients to risk arguing with their boss .patting a dog that frightens them directive.
f)Conclusion
Ellis says human being is both rational and irrational. Irrationality is the cause of emotional problems, such as guilt, anxiety, anger and depression. Ellis has identified eleven irrational ideas. The goal of rational emotive therapy is to show the client how his misinterpretation of events is causing him problems and to teach him to see things in a more rational manner and aid him in the process of adjustments.
REFERANCE
1. Guidance and counseling in colleges and universities -S. k KOCHHAR
2. Guidance and counseling skills Rajesh Chaturvedi
3. Guidance and counseling
4. Guidance and counseling A.K NAYAK
5. www.wikipedia.com
PREPARED BY : VIJITHA WILSON

Categories: Education