The Quality Mandate of the UGC emphasizes importance on promoting high quality research and creation of new knowledge by faculty members. The number of research articles published in reputed journals is one of the globally accepted indicators considered for various academic purposes including institutional ranking, appointment and promotions of faculty members and award of research degrees. The credibility of research publications is extremely important because it represents the academic image of an individual, institution and the nation. High-quality publications in reputed journals help in achieving higher global ranks and overall improvement in the quality of education. Publications in dubious sub-standard journals reflects adversely leading to long term academic damage and a tarnished image. The problem of dubious /sub-standard journals has become of serious concern worldover. The percentage of research articles published in poor quality journals is reported to be high in India, which has adversely affects its image.
Research Journals in disciplines under Science, Engineering, Technology, Agriculture and Bio Medical Sciences are well covered in globally accepted scientific database like SCOPUS and Web of Science (WoS) with three primary indexes such as Science Citation Index, Social Science Citation Index and Arts and Humanities Citation Index. Therefore, journals indexed in SCOPUS and WoS may be considered for all academic purposes in these disciplines.
For other disciplines such as the Social Sciences, Humanities, Languages, Arts, Culture, Indian knowledge systems etc., a list of credible quality journals needs to be prepared and maintained. For this purpose, the UGC has issued a public notice on 28th November, 2018 regarding the setting up of a Consortium for Academic Research and Ethics (CARE) and the subsequent formation of an Empowered Committee (EC) with a view to refine and strengthen its approved list of journals.