Integrated Scheme for Development of Silk Industry

Under
the Central Sector Scheme Silk Samagra an Integrated Scheme for
Development of Silk Industry (ISDSI) implemented by Government of India
through Central Silk Board (CSB) with a total outlay of Rs. 2161.68
crore for three years (2017-18 to 2019-20) for the overall development
of silk industry in the Country with an objective to scale up production
by improving the quality and productivity.  The scheme comprises four
major components viz. (i) Research & Development, Training, Transfer
of Technology and Information Technology Initiatives, (ii) Seed
Organizations, (iii) Coordination and Market Development and (iv)
Quality Certification Systems (QCS) / Export Brand Promotion and
Technology Up-gradation.
Features of the Scheme  
All
the four major components of Silk Samagra are interlinked with each
other and aimed at a common goal. The main objective of the scheme is to
maintain Breeders stock, Breed improvement through R&D Projects,
Development of mechanized practices, Technology translation through
Sericulture Information Linkages and Knowledge System (SILKS) Portal,
Mobile Application for Stakeholders and for seed quality monitoring,
develop technology packages, impart training on improved technology
programmes to Stakeholders, and transfer technology to the field through
front line demonstration, produce Basic & Commercial Seed of the
improved Silkworm breeds developed by the Research Institutes, encourage
Private Partnership  in Seed sector, and Maintain & Certify the
quality standards set by the R&D units for Silkworm Seed, Cocoon,
Raw Silk and Silk products covering the entire Silk value chain.
Major Interventions:
1.
Research & Development: Race improvement through development of
improved host plant varieties and improved disease resistant Silkworm
breeds through collaborative research with reputed National Research
organizations like IITs, CSIR, IISc and International research
institutes on Sericulture.
     
2.
Seed organisation: Seed production units will be strengthened to bring
in quality standards in production network, besides increasing the
production capacity to cater to the increased silk production target,
promote adopted seed rearers to generate quality seed cocoons, Private
Graineurs to produce quality seed and Chawki Rearing Centres (CRCs) with
Incubation facilities to produce and supply chawki worms,     
3.
Quality Certification /Brand Promotion: Promote Indian silk through
quality certification by Silk Mark not only in the domestic market but
also in the Export market. Besides, emphasis has been given for use of
Silkworm by-products (pupa) for Poultry feed, Sericin for Cosmetic
Applications and Product Diversification into non-woven fabrics, Silk
Denim, Silk Knit etc. for value addition.
                          
The
scheme also comprises of various beneficiary oriented components to
support Mulberry, Vanya and Post Cocoon Sectors. These interventions
cover the major areas viz. (a) Development and expansion of host plant,
(b) Strengthening and creation of Silkworm seed Multiplication
infrastructure, (c) Development of farm and post-cocoon infrastructure,
(d) Up-gradation of reeling and processing technologies in Silk, and (e)
Capacity Building through Skill development / Enterprise Development
Programme. 
The
above scheme interventions are expected to increase /improve the
production and productivity of silk. The details of expected outcome of
the scheme are as under:
      • Increase the Silk production from the level of 30,348 MTs (Metric Tonne) during 2016-    17 to 38,500 MTs by end of 2019-20,

      • Increase the production of Bivoltine Import Substitute Silk to 8500 MTs from 5266          MTs in 2016-17

      • Increasing Vanya Raw Silk production to 11,500 MTs from 9075 in 2016-17 MTs.

      • To produce International Grade Silk of 4A and above to minimize the import to bare  minimum.

      • To
        generate additional employment to about 15 lakh person by reaching 100
        lakh persons by end of March,2020 from the level of 85.10 lakh persons
        in 2016-17.