UGC-Care for Predatory Publishing

As a developing nation, India has made
tremendous progress when it comes to industrialization but there are many
important sectors that urgently need attainment. One of the major being the
education sector among others. Last year, a
group of elite media organizations including the New Yorker
and the Indian
Express took part in
investigation on fake journals.
Shockingly, the study found that India is
of the biggest global hubs
for predatory publishing. Lack of high-quality research and
publication in journals has adversely affected India’s image globally. India
has already been failing with no institution among the top 200 worldwide, in
world university ranking, now falling to produce quality research paper is like
adding fuel to the water. It leads to miss-representation of Indian researcher
demeaning India’s image worldwide.

                                     source: Pexel

Fake publishing

Predatory publishing or deceptive
is an opportunistic publishing venue that
involves charging publications fees to authors without checking articles for
quality and legitimacy. It doesn’t even do fact-checking before publishing any
and offers little reward for those using their services. It is
aimed to misled authors by predatory practices
, predatory publishers have
common characteristics:
  • Its foremost aim is to generate
    revenue which is more like a business.
  • It doesn’t pay heed on the quality
    of the work written or published. No peer-review is done.
  • It makes false claims of impact
    factors and indexing.
  • It doesn’t follow
    legitimate standards of scholarly publishing
Action being taken
Based on recommendations of
International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and to cope with the alarming situation of a rise in Indian
research contributions to fake journals, a University Grants
Commission (UGC) has taken some stern measures to safeguard
academic ethics and deter plagiarism. 
A public
notice was introduced on 28th November 2018 regarding the setting up of a
Consortium for Academic Research and Ethics
with an aim to filter and promote quality journals.
Responsibilities of CARE
has a purpose to promote quality mandated by UGC by emphasizing excellence in
of dubious substandard journals the has been continuously tarnishing the image
of quality research publication. works and thus leads to long term academic
Indian standards to promote high-quality publications in reputed journals that
would help in achieving higher global ranks.
develop an approach and methodology for identification of good quality
journals, academic evaluations.

CARE List of Quality Journals
CARE List comprises
of journals recommended by Statutory Councils/ Government bodies in every genus
like Social Sciences, Humanities, Arts and Fine Arts, Science.  These journals submitted by CARE will be analyzed
by UGC Cell comprising four groups.
Group A:
Research Journals in disciplines under Science and technology, and agriculture
and farming e and Biomedical Sciences indexed in SCOPUS and/or Web of Science
(WOS). No analysis or reviewing will be done by the UGC Cell for journals in
this group.
Group B:
Journals qualified after analysis as per the protocol from the existing UGC
Group C:
Journals from humanities and languages are falling in this list by
recommendation of CARE members.
Group D:  Journals submitted by CARE Universities. It
has to qualify as per protocol.

By preparing a list of legitimate journals the University Grants
Commission is trying its best to curb publishing of poor quality papers in fake
journals. The process has been tedious and clumsy so far, as there are high
volumes of publishing in fake journals but the agency is trying its best to

P.S. Details are from different UGC website and  News Paper