JEE-MAINS stands for JOINT ENTRANCE TEST-MAINS which was earlier called as All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE). This is an undergraduate entrance test for taking admissions in various engineering and architecture institutes, mainly in 31 National Institutes of Technology (NITs), 23 Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IITs), and Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs). This test is organized every year by National Teaching Agency (NTA) in India. This test was introduced in the year 2002.
STRUCTURE OF THE EXAM –
Until 2018, it was held only once after the CBSE exams, nearly in first week of April by the NTA since 2019 has decided to take this entrance test twice a year. Earlier, it held either electronically or online but now it happens only in the online mode.
It is a computer based entrance exam which consists of 2 papers:
- Paper 1 is for B.E. / B.Tech courses which only occurs in online mode from 2019, earlier there was an option of OMR based exam also. The qualification required for this paper is Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as main subjects in class 12th.
- Paper 2 is for BArch and BPlanning courses. The knowledge of Mathematics, Aptitude, Drawing and Planning is required for being a part of this paper.
The duration of the exam is 3 hours and candidates can apply for 3 subsequent years. LANGUAGE OF THE ENTANCE TEST –
The exam was offered in English, Hindi and Gujarati. From January 2021, It has been planned to take the exam in eleven different languages namely Assamese, Bengali, English, Hindi, Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Odiya, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.
MODE OF EXAMINATION –
• B.E. /B. Tech. (Paper 1) Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, part 1, 2 and 3 respectively will be conducted in Computer Based Test mode only.
• B. Arch (Paper 2) Mathematics and Aptitude Test, part 1 and 2 respectively will be held in Computer Based Test mode only. While Drawing Test or part 3 will be in offline mode on drawing sheet.
• B. Planning (Paper 3) Mathematics, Aptitude Test and Planning Based Questions, part 1, 2 and 3 respectively will be held in Computer Based Test mode only.
PARTICIPATING INSTITUTES –
Institutes participating in the 2017 centralized seat allocation process included:
• The 31 National Institutes of Technology,
• The 24 Indian Institutes of Information Technology,
• 19 other central government or state government funded institutions including the three Schools of Planning and Architecture.
• Several self-financed institutes (during the spot round).
• Many other institutes used JEE (Main) ranks to fill seats through their own seat allocation processes.
NUMBER OF APPLICANTS
There are lakhs of students who appear in the entrance exam every year. The number of applicants has varied over the years, with the peak of over 1.35 millions in 2014.
- Starting from 2012, there were 1,220,000 students who appeared in the exam.
- In the year 2013, 1,282,000 students appeared.
- In 2014, 1,356,805 students appeared.
- In 2015, 1,304,495 students appeared.
- In 2016, 1,194,938 students appeared.
- In 2017, 1,186,454 students appeared.
- In 2018, 1,259,000 students appeared.
- From 2019, exam was conducted in two different phases. So, in 2019 in the first phase 929,198 students gave the exam while in second phase 935,741 students appreared for the exam.
- In 2020, in the first phase of the exam 921,261 students appeared whereas the second phase is still to be held.