If we see around us, we regularly see children on street selling balloons, small girls are working as maid in homes with their mother, in village children are working in field, some are working in factories which is very dangerous for them. So we can see there are many children who are in child labour.
So World Day against Child labour is standard holiday first launched in 2002 by International labour organization aiming to raise awareness and activism to prevent child labour.
According to ILO’s data, “hundreds of millions of boys and girls in this world are involved in work that deprives them to receive an adequate education, health, leisure and basic freedom, voilating this way their rights. Of these children, more than half children are exposed in worst form of child labour like working in hazardous environment, slavery and other form of forced labour, illicit activities such as drug trafficking and prostitution, as well as involvement in armed conflict.
Child labour affect children’s physical, cognitive and social development. Children who are working in factories are very dangerous for their health. While working they are at high risk for illness such as respiratory illness, and they exposed to harmful chemicals which also affect their physical development. These children oftee suffer from malnutrition which leads to serious health and mental conditions in later life.
According to researchers, teenagers who spend more than 20hrs per week working at a higher risk to problematic social behaviour like drug abuse and aggression. This also affect their education development, most children dropout from school and if they remain in school, they perform very poorly.
It also social development, as in this age it is very necessary to spend time with peers and family members which help them to built positive relationships but long working hours do not led to properly from these relations which lead to insecurities and improper identity development in later stage. It also leads to a feeling isolation and depression and prevent formation of healthy emotion and relation with others.
So, it is important to takeout children from the darkness. It is necessary to aware people about the ill-effects of child labour and how it is dangerous for the children. Strict action should be taken against the people who are involved in this.
Childhood is a very period of one’s life. It is the age of seeing dreams, playing, troubling elders through their naughtiness, not of going to factories or streets or working. So it’s not just about one day, it is our responsibility to spread awareness about child labour and take actions against it everyday and don’t let any of the child being trapped in this darkness.