KARGIL WAR also known as the KARGIL CONFLICT was an armed clash between India and Pakistan that took place starting from May 3 1999 to July 26, 1999, and lasted for about 2 months 3 weeks and 2 days. In Kargil District of Kashmir and in the Line of Control (LoC, military control line between India and Pakistan), the northern part of Jammu and Kashmir. For the Indian army, this was known as Operation Vijay (Vijay means Victory) and for the Indian Air Force, it was known as Operation Safed Sagar.
What you need to know before?
In the 1947-48 war, the northern area of Jammu and Kashmir was divided by LoC(during the first Kashmir war) and in 1998 both the countries India and Pakistan had nuclear powers. It was decided to avoid nuclear race and unexpected use of nuclear weapons, to evade non-conventional and conventional conflicts. Also, both the two countries agreed on CBM i.e. Confidence Building Measures which means if anyone tests for Missile, it has to be informed pre-testing. Just before the Kargil, in February 1999 Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee visited Lahore and India-Pak signed the Lahore declaration(bus diplomacy).
What led to war?
Between February and May 1999, the Indian Military posts on LoC were occupied by Pak army units(Pakistan later declared such), and this information was informed by local shepherds to the Indian Army. The major aim was to detach the link between Kashmir and Ladakh, cause India to withdraw from the Siachen Glacier, urging India to negotiate a compromise of the Kashmir dispute. But our heroes ie Indian Army and Indian Air Force launched their attacks on Pakistani positions in the sector to recapture the higher posts. In the meantime, PM of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif went to the US to ask for help where president Bill Clinton instructed PM Sharif to bring troops back behind the LoC i.e. into Pakistan’s region. This was a turning point in American foreign policy with India as the US specified that Pakistan had intentionally disobeyed and violated the LoC near Kargil, President Bill Clinton blamed Pakistan for gambling a broader war.
Until 4 July the Indian army had captured strategic peaks like Tiger hill and many more. The army and navy fought at extreme temperatures of 10°C to 15°C. On 26 July 1999 India celebrated its victory by regaining the lost regions.
● India first time used BOFORS FH-77B in war. This turned out to be a massive help in winning the battle.
● Israel helped India with drones (UAVs).
● Some reports also suggest that the US denied GPS help. This could have been a crucial help, knowing the location of the army post and check post would be so profitable which later resulted in the development of the IRNSS system.
● After the war, Atal Bihari won elections in October 1999 and he was applauded for his successful dealing of the situation.
● The blame game started between General Parvez Musharraf and Prime Minister Sharif. PM Sharif resists that he didn’t even go to the US, also he came to know about the attack by India itself(CBM) and blames it as Musharraf’s plan.
● About years later PM Sharif in an interview said that Pakistan lost about 4000 soldiers in Kargil including the Shepherds who entered LoC.
● India appreciated every official’s harsh efforts by awarding the Param Veer Chakra to Manoj Kumar Pandey, Vikram Batra(Dil Mange More), Yogendra Singh Yadav and Sanjay Kumar.
EVERY YEAR ON JULY 26, INDIA CELEBRATES KARGIL VIJAY DIWAS REMEMBERING THE KARGIL HEROES WITH SAME PATRIOTISM.