The past two decades have witnessed an invasion of technology in almost all the spheres of human life. This has led to an increased dependency on technology. Thanks to information technology,the world has made paradigm shifts from the offline to online domain. Everything,from banking,stock exchange,healthcare, education can be controlled and monitored using technology. But as there are two sides of a coin, technology has also two sides of it i.e. pros and cons. One of the major cons of technology is cyber Crime.
What is cyber Crime?
Cyber Crime is a crime in which the computer is the object of the crime such as hacking, phishing and spamming or is used as a tool to commit an offence such as child pornography,hate crime etc. Cyber criminals may use technology to access personal information, business trade secrets or use the internet for malicious activities such as online monitoring of another person’s activities, unauthorized users who can access their personal and sensitive information.
A person who gains unauthorized access to the system is known as a hacker. Theft involves the download of copyrighted material by violating the copyrights. In the case of electronic funds transfer crime , a person illegally gains access to another person’s bank details and this may lead to financial losses. E- mail bombing involves sending a large number of mails over the network in order to crash th server. A very common cyber Crime act is sending the virus as an attachment via mails. This virus can be used to extract the data from the system and jeopardize it in some cases.
Victims of cyber Crime
National and international financial institutions , banks and security agencies fall victim to the cyber criminals. In many cases,they have to pay a lot of money to the criminals in order to prevent the misuse of their data .The social media is driving the world crazy. But,at the same time,it has become a breeding ground and platform for cyber Crime. Thanks to the sharing culture of social media ,people tend to share a lot over the social media platforms. This information is used by cyber criminals personal and sensitive information of other which can be late later misused on. The impostors create fake social media platforms and post misleading information about the concerned person. This commonly happens with public figures and is an intention to malign and harm the image of the person.
Necessary steps to secure one’s own account
- People need to be very careful about their acquaintances and the degree to which they divulge in their personal information on social media. It is best to stay away and not accept invites,as well as requests from unknown people.
- One should avoid sharing personal information such as passwords with anyone. The password needs to be strong enough so that the hacker cannot crack them. In order to increase the strength of password, one can make use of alpha- numeric values and special symbols. In fact,one needs to make sure that there is never a common password for all accounts.
- It is best to refrain from clicking on the pop ups and unknown website links. One needs to make sure that all the transaction that happen online needs to take place through a secured gateway. One must abstain from saving the bank account details on the websites. The mails which make claims about winning a prize money are malicious and must be ignored. A good – quality antivirus software must be installed on the device.
- E- mail service provides as well as many other online platforms ,have started multi- step verification process in order to secure the user’s account.
Law against this crime is not strong enough
The biggest concern with regards to cyber Crime is that it gets tough to uncover the identitybof the criminal. A skill law enforcing agency is required to deal with this crime. The Information Technology Act,2000 passed by Indian government deals with the domain of cyber crime. But this act has certain loopholes that need to be plugged in order to strengthen the cyber security. Besides,it is important for the government to create awareness among the people about the exponentially rising cyber crime and ways to deal with it.