Imagine that you have to go to work but there are no roads to get you there. Or heavy rains have flooded your route and made it impossible. A lack of infrastructure – from roads, bridges, and wells, to cables for light, cell phones, and internet – can isolate communities living in rural areas. Living off the grid often means living without the ability to go to school, work, or the market to buy and sell goods. Travelling further distances to access basic services not only takes time, it costs money, keeping families in poverty.
Majority of poor people in the world live in rural areas where the level of public infrastructure especially roads
seems low. The inadequate roads and poor road access put high cost of transportation; reduce ability to use
access high quality inputs; limit the uses of local markets to the sales of their products, the purchase of consumer
goods and opportunities for off-farm employment. Poor road access has put nevertheless constraints for rural
poor people in terms of access to other social infrastructure such as education and health facilities. Therefore,
improvement of rural road seems to be a clear means by which large numbers of people might acquire the
opportunity to participate in the market economy and thereby raise themselves out of poverty.
Infrastructure is a key element of poverty alleviation. It often acts as a catalyst to development and enhances the
impact of interventions to improve the poor’s access to other assets, e.g., human, social, financial, and natural
assets. Its impact is felt both on the economic and social sectors. Without roads, the poor are not able to sell their
output on the market. In India, it has been shown that roads alone account for seven percent of the growth in
aggregate output of the rural areas. Without electricity, the industrialization process, which provides the poor an
important source of employment, is unlikely to take off. Many of the world’s poor people live in rural areas isolated by distance, terrain and poverty from employment and economic opportunities, markets, healthcare and education. Lack of basic infrastructure such paths, trails,bridges and roads and access to transport services makes it difficult for poor people to access markets and services.
Good transport infrastructure is a necessary condition for economic growth and poverty alleviation, but transport
investments alone cannot address the problems of the poorest households. The adequate supply of infrastructure services has long been viewed as essential for economic development and poverty reduction, both in the policy and academic realms. More recently, increasing attention has also been shifting to the impact of infrastructure on poverty and inequality.
The study aimed to explore lack of infrastructure; the impact on economic development. The findings of the study proved that lack of infrastructure holds back economic development raises unemployment and promotes poor standard living.