What is journalism?
India is 7th largest country in the world and the second largest country according to the population. It’s obvious, something happens every day in such a big country which obviously affects people living in the country.
From all the events, some may affect a large amount of people and some may not. But it is important to share every information to the people living inside the country about what’s happening in the country and even the world where they are living. Journalism does that for them.
It is the profession to gather, access, write and share information about any news to the people via newspapers, radio, television or even internet. The one who works in this profession is called journalist.
INFORMATION AND NEWS:
You must have thought how these words are different from each other. We can define them in this way:
NEWS – News is account which is about what has happened in the world and is shown as a news in newspaper, as a news programmme on T.V or RADIO.
INFORMATION – Information describes facts and detail about a certain subject.
We can say, “Every news is an information but every information is not news”.
TYPES OF JOURNALISM:
There are many types of journalism one can practice. Few of them are Print journalism, Photojournalism, Advocacy journalism, Broadcast journalism, Investigative journalism, Tabloid journalism, Yellow journalism etc.
THE FIRST NEWSPAPER:
Journalism has a huge history. It was after 1440 when Johannes Guttenberg invented the printing press which started Printing Press revolution.
The art of printing first entered India through Goa. In 1965, when English was to cease being a principal language of the country, English newspapers numbered more than newspapers in any other language. Later, Hickey brought out the Bengal Gazette on January 29, 1780. This was the time after which many newspapers and magazines started to get printed, even in regional languages.
Later on, journalism started to get practiced on radio and television too. Many programs were broadcast on All India Radio and news bulletins were introduced digitally via televisions. Although, radio was introduced for entertainment purpose but then it was also used as a mass media to circulate news.
As technology is getting advanced, the whole is using internet for almost every purpose, journalism has also spread its legs in the world of internet. News articles are shared via websites and mobile applications throughout the world.
CAREER IN JOURNALISM:
Journalism is not commonly opted by the students after 10+2. But if you have a creative mind and if you are willing to step out of your comfort zone and do something adventures then you can surely go for it.
Journalism will never exhaust as long as there are incidents happening around us which needs to be reported, i.e it will never die. The digitalization might be hurting the traditional way of journalism, but something better is coming it’s way. You should be the one willing to step out of you.