Features of Mughal architecture :

Elaborate calligraphy designs on the walls of the monument.

Charbagh design architecture: gardens at four sides of the monument.

Jail work and arabesque design. Contributed by Pietra dura.

Foresighting technique- Qufi has written on monuments that appear the same from every angle.

Mughal architecture is too called INDO- ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE.

It has a Rajput and Sikhs influence also.  Focus had been made on the construction of the mosque, tomb, and fort architecture.

Architecture becomes complex, the use of white marble is huge.  An autobiography of Babur he described his interest in planning and laying out formal gardens, placed within rectangular walled enclosed and divided into four quarter artificial channels.

These gardens were called Chahar bagh, four gardens as their symmetrical division into quarters.

There were several architecture innovations during Akbar’s region, construction with red sandstone, edged with white marble accelerated. The creation of large empires brought different regions under their rule heped in the cross-fertilisation of artistic forms and styles.

For example in Vrindavan near Mathura temples were constructed in architectural styles that were very similar to Mughal places in Fatehpur Sikri. Mughal rulers were particularly skilled in adapting regional architecture styles in the construction of their buildings.

In Bengal, too local rulers had developed a roof that was designed to resemble a thatched hut. Mughal liked this ‘BANGLA DOME’ and adopted it in their monuments.

Babur the first ruler can not contribute much to architecture as he ruled for only four years and he continuously fights for survival.

The mosque at Panipat and Rohikhand is the most famous one.  Babur’s tomb in Afganistan also had char bagh architecture.

Categories: Culture and History

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