The Internet is a medium through which people and companies can connect from one end of the world to the other. Technological advances have made humans dependent on the Internet in every way. Easy access to the Internet has made everything available in one place.
Social networking, online shopping, information exchange, gaming, online studies, online jobs, everything a human can imagine is possible with just one click on the Internet. Infact, nowadays, because of Covid-19 pandemic, every work is happening digitally. Web media is also getting popular day by day. If you are reading this blog, that’s also a part of web media.
But as there is a popular saying, Every coin has 2 faces, the other aspect of this facility, people around the world are stealing personal information of people sitting at home through online internet, which is called cyber crime. The incidence and rates of cybercrime in India along with other foreign countries are increasing day by day.
What is Cybercrime?
Cybercrime is an unlawful act where the computer is used as an instrument or target or both. Cybercrime is a broad term, which can also be defined as: “criminal activity where a computer or computer network is used as an instrument, target, or location of criminal activity”.
Cybercrime involves the illegal use of modern telecommunications networks (Internet, mobile phones) to commit an individual or group of people to commit crimes, torture them, intentionally cause physical or mental harm to them and damage their reputation.
Different types of cyber crime:
It is a crime in which a person’s website is controlled illegally. In this way the website owner loses control and important information on that website.
It is a crime by which a person is repeatedly harassed; Chasing the victim, taunting, harassing by phone, tampering with property. After stocking up, the objective is to harm the victim mentally and physically.
This is a crime in which the victim’s network or electrical message container is filled with useless traffic and messages. All this is done so that the victim is intentionally harassed or the victim is unable to access their email.
Viruses are microorganisms that affects the proper functioning of cells of a human body. Similarly in the world of computers, viruses are programs that have the ability to infect other computer programs or spread copies of them to other programs. These are malicious software that attaches itself to some other software or annoys the computer. Trojan horses, time bombs, logic bombs, rabbits etc. are all malicious software. Viruses affect computers in such a way that they either alter or destroy information in the computer so that it is no longer usable.
It is a crime in which an email is sent to the victim, claiming to have been used by an established enterprise to extract confidential personal information from the victim or harass them against the victim. .
Measures for cyber security:
Computer users can adopt various technologies to prevent cyber crime –
Computer users should use a firewall to protect their computers from hackers.
Computer users should install anti-virus software such as McAfee or Norton Anti-Virus.
Cyber experts have suggested that users should shop only on secure websites. They never give their credit card information to suspects or strangers.
Users should develop strong passwords on their accounts.
Check the security settings of Facebook, Twitter and YouTube and be careful.
Users should be cautious when using public Wi-Fi hotspots. Avoid conducting financial transactions on these networks.
Users should be careful while giving personal information like name, address, phone number or financial information on the Internet.
Everything must be judged intelligently before clicking on a link or a file of unknown origin. Do not open any email in the inbox. Check the source of the message. If there is any doubt, verify the source. Never reply to emails that ask them to verify information or to confirm a user’s password.