Communication is the most important tool for anyone to share his/her thoughts, ideas or any information from one person to another. The process of communication occurs between every living organisms. Be it animals, plants or insects, every living organism do communication. For humans though, communication plays a very important role because humans are the most social among every living organism.
The most basic tool for communication of humans is by using language. Language is the system of communication in speech and writing that is used by the people of a particular country. There are many languages like English, French, Dutch, Japanese, Korean, Irish, Turkish and many more. These languages are used by the people to communicate with the people of another country.
India also have many different languages according to the different states and regions. Some of them are Gujarati, Punjabi, Marathi, Bengali, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam etc. These languages are used by the people of a particular state.
Now, if a person is aware of only one language, he/she can communicate with the people knowing that language only. He/she won’t be able to communicate with the people knowing some other languages. This is why it is important to have knowledge of at least 2 languages. This is known as bilingual education.
Bilingual education is the process of teaching students using two languages. Educators usually teach students in their native language in conjunction with a second language utilizing differing levels of the native and second language depending on the requirements specified in lesson plans and teaching models. This makes the students able to read, write and understand 2 languages at a same time.
Pros and Cons:
Every coin has 2 faces. The process of bilingual education also have some postive and negative points:
Having a ‘secret’ language when around monolingual people.
Being able to learn new languages easier (depends which languages you already know)
Depending on the languages you know, you may be able to understand what another language (but you wouldn’t be able to speak it).
It looks good on one’s job/university applications and resumes.
Makes getting on good terms with foreigners/etc. easier as if you speak the language they are most comfortable with, they will be thankful.
Increases your interest and knowledge of culture as during learning the languages, you also learn about the cultures.
Sometimes bilingual students may get languages mixed up.
Bilingual students may get confused sometimes about it’s vocabulary, accents or anything like that.
The students may not have a perfect command on any of the language while the student studying only one language may have a perfect command on his language.
But overall, bilingual education is better. This is why most schools have policy of bilingual education.