Sustainable development is one of the major concerns of developing countries. It means present development without compromising the need of future. Resources are scare and have alternative uses, this lead to the problem of allocation of resources. To maintain a healthy and safe environment one need to adopt the waste management strategy, this not only helps in accumulation of waste but also in proper disposal.
National Environmental Management: Waste Act, 2008 was passed by the government of South Africa for this purpose. Government of different countries took huge steps in spreading awareness about the same. Different sectors of economy had adopted distinct methods to perform this management. Some techniques of waste management are-
i) Waste minimization is the process of reducing the amount of waste produced by a person or a society.
ii) Recycling of waste involves reprocessing the particular waste materials, including e-waste, so that it can be used as raw materials in another process. This is also known as material recovery. A well-known process for recycling waste is composting, where biodegradable wastes are biologically decomposed leading to the formation of nutrient-rich compost.
iii) Reuse means using an item more than once. This includes conventional reuse where the item is used again for the same function and new-life reuse where it is used for a new function.
You can even adopt the 3R’S strategy of reuse, reduce and recycle. It help in reduction of waste with large amount. Landfill disposal of wastes, Incineration are some of chemical methods used by industries in proper waste disposal.
Solid wastes are the discarded leftovers of our advanced consumer society. This growing mountain of garbage and trash represents not only an attitude of indifference toward valuable natural resources, but also a serious economic and public health problem. So take up this duty seriously to help your country grow healthy.