A CAREER GUIDE FOR EVERY COLLEGE STUDENT

Fall semester is the time to organize your thinking; not only about your academics, but also
your career plan. Whether you’re a Freshman with the opportunity to thoughtfully approach
college with a career in mind, a Senior who needs to get serious about the job search, or a
student somewhere in between – you can follow these steps to make the most of your college
experience so you can ultimately get hired and launch your career.
Each college year should build toward a successful launch into the work world. At Early
Stage Careers, we work with early careerists to methodically think through their college plan,
taking progressive steps each semester and summer, so they are attractive employment
candidates; ready to launch their careers by the time graduation arrives.
Freshman – Explore and Experience
For younger students, it’s important to start right away – Senior year may be too late to
initially start thinking about a job search. It’s very important to gain foundational experiences
early in college so you are prepared to build on these in tangible ways as you grow older. As
a Freshman, explore every aspect of the school. Examine courses you can take, facilities to
use and what fellow classmates and graduates do. Read the school career outcomes report to
learn where peers have found internships, permanent employment and how many are
pursuing graduate studies. Gather information about your professors – where did they go to
school, what research are they working on – then go talk to them outside of class. Developing
professor relationships now will pay off in the long-run in terms of academics and career
steps. If your school permits underclassmen to attend the Fall Career Fair, go and see who
recruits and for what majors. Attend lectures on a variety of topics, learn about all clubs and
sports, and then pick a few to get involved in.
Don’t wait to start planning for the summer. Consider taking academic or skill building
courses, especially those that offer credentials, and try finding summer employment. A job
does not have to be directly related to your academic field, but should allow you to

demonstrate your responsibility, commitment, and interest in adding value to a team.
Prioritize building skills that employers are seeking.
Sophomore – Differentiate Yourself
As a Sophomore, go beyond your routines and push yourself to do something new. Don’t
limit yourself to the campus activities – look to the surrounding community for volunteer
organizations or companies to intern with during the school year. At this point, you may
have declared a major. Start to plan how you will distinguish yourself in a way that
complements your field of study – this could mean obtaining a minor in another field or
developing hard skills you’ll need for your future job search.
The summer before Junior year you should focus on entering the industry you would ideally
like to join. For example, as a Chemistry major, consider seeking a summer role in a small
chemicals company or lab – you will gain valuable work experience while gauging if the
culture of the industry appeals to you. Additionally, work on cultivating a skill that you can’t
fit into the academic year – you can achieve fluency in a language, improve your presentation
skills, or learn to use a software you don’t have access to at school (or increase your
proficiency level if you have some experience). Consider studying a business concentration
such as project management, which is useful across industries. If you have work or internship
commitments in place, research online programs that can be completed in the evenings.
Junior – Launch Your Career Campaign
Junior year is typically very rigorous academically, as challenging courses in your major will
require disciplined focus. In your clubs and organizations, you should be pursuing leadership
roles or setting the stage to move into those as a Senior.
For your career search, simultaneously focus on seeking a significant summer internship,
while also studying the field of potential longer-term employers. If there are six major
employers you envision working for after graduation, set a goal of obtaining a summer
internship with one of them – this can be a potential bridge to permanent employment.
Research which companies come to campus to do recruiting by looking at the company
website and the schedule published by your school. For target firms not coming to campus,
you will need to do extensive outreach to receive consideration.
As a Junior, prepare deeply for the fall career fairs and information sessions. Research which
firms attend, which ones employ young alumni of your school, and which historically hire
interns in your major. Prioritize the firms you need to speak with. Get dressed to impress and
pace yourself as you visit with each company. Remember to collect business cards from
people you chat with, so that you can follow up shortly after the event by email or by
connecting on LinkedIn, with their permission. Keep track of these connections, as some may
be important people to reach out to in senior year.
Senior – Find Your Future
Entering senior year, plan to spend a portion of each day on your job search. Start now, do
not wait until January. Research and contact companies regarding their graduate openings.

Build a roadmap for your search, leveraging your school’s career outcomes report, your
professors, advisors, the alumni network database and your own personal network (including
your family).
If you learn that a firm traditionally opens its recruitment process at a certain time, track it on
your calendar. Research what types of candidates these employers are hiring for the positions
that interest you – what skills and experiences are they seeking? Be sure your resume and
LinkedIn profile are robust, and that your skills and experiences are aligned with the job
types you are targeting. Familiarize yourself with all types of interviews and practice.
At Early Stage Careers, families often seek job and career search help when senior year
arrives. The first critical questions are straightforward: what are your career goals and what
have you done so far to pursue those goals. If the goals are unclear, or you need direction
shaping them, we can help via our Career Assessment Program. Additionally, we work with
clients to prepare robust resumes and LinkedIn profiles, identify targeted job opportunities,
prepare for interviews, and ultimately help them land the job they want.
All the suggestions made here, year by year, warrant consideration at any time. College is an
investment of your time and resources, so take every advantage of each opportunity. Check in
with us if you could benefit from our support.

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