Energy indisputably a resource on which humanity has been dependent. Without energy, we cannot find or administer medicine to cure disease, prepare food, purify water, drive our cars etc. the current energy need is 15TW and this number is projected to increase.in now a days we are more reliable on fossil fuel. Fossil fuels are also a large source pollution and also a non-renewable source of energy. As solar energy is a renewable source of energy so we are likely to shift our energy consumption from the non-renewable forms to the renewable forms.
Hydroelectricity is electricity generated through generators driven by water movement. It generally consists of barrier blocking a river, making a reservoir, or gathering water pumped in it. The pressure behind a barrel forces down the water pipes to a turbine, if the water is released. This causes the turbine to turn, turning the power generator.
Roughly one sixth of the world’s electricity comes from this renewable energy method. It generates less pollution than steam engine fires. This way, most power is available in some places such as Norway and Québec.
Most hydropower stations have a water tank, a gate or a valve to check the water flow out of the tank and an outlet or place where the water flows downward. Just before water pours down a dam or flows through a hill, water gains potential energy. As water flows downhill, the potential energy is transformed into film energy. The waste water can be used to generate electricity from a turbine ‘s blades and distributed to customers of the power plant.
Two types of hydropower plants are available, the most common of which is a impoundment facility. A dam is used to monitor the water flow stored in a pool or reservoir in the impoundment facility. Water is released from the dam if more energy is needed. After water is released, gravity moves and the water travels through the turbine downwards. When the turbine blades spin, a generator is powered.
A diversion facility is another form of hydroelectric power plant. This kind of plant is peculiar because it is not dam-free. It uses a variety of channels instead for the flow of water from the river to the generator turbines.
The ability to function as a peak power plant is an significant benefit of hydroelectric dams. The dam only holds more water as demand for electricity falls. The water stored in a storage tank can be released, so energy can be produced quickly (let go) when needed. Some hydro generators use pumped energy storage (often in the night) to store excess energy, pumping water into a tank by electricity. When demand rises, electricity can be produced. Hydropower is also a good fit for lower intermittent power sources. This versatility. Hydroelectricity can be generated when the wind does not blow or the sun is not bright.
The construction of large water dams will harm the ecosystem. In 1983, in response to a massive public outrage, the Australian government prevented Tasmania from creating a dam on the Gordon River. The dam was overflowing the river Franklin. The Chinese Three Gorges Dam is the largest hydropower projects in the world and the world’s biggest power plant. The barracks flooded an immense city, needing a population of 1.2 million. Scientists concern themselves with many of the dam concerns such as noise, silt and the possibility of the dam breaking.