We all know that the graph of corona victims is growing day by day enormously; we come across several tweets, posts which contain so and so celebrity or politician had become a corona victim and t would donate plasma once they get recovered. We have heard many times about plasma donation. But why everyone is tending to donate plasma? What is the use of plasma? Who needs plasma? What does plasma contain? Some of us may know answers of all these but many of us don’t.
In this article we are going to know everything about PLASMA.
WHAT IS PLASMA?
Plasma is a part of blood. While white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets are important to body function plasma also plays a key role. Plasma is a yellow colored liquid. The main function of plasma is to take proteins, nutrients and hormones to other body parts that need them. Some of our body cells put their waste products into plasma and finally plasma helps removes that waste from our body.
Plasma also helps in maintain blood pressure and volume, carries electrolytes such as sodium and potassium to our muscles. It also helps to maintain a proper pH balance in the body.
What does plasma contain?
Plasma is mostly water (90%) and contains dissolved proteins up to 8% such as albumins, globulins and contains glucose, clotting factors, electrolytes, hormones, carbon dioxide, and oxygen. Plasma contains all the antibodies that one should have in their body to lead a healthy life, to fight against all kind of diseases.
Who needs plasma?
Plasma is commonly given to trauma, burn and shock patients, as well as people with severe liver disease or multiple clotting factor deficiencies .it helps boost the patient’s blood volume, which can prevent shock, and helps with blood clotting. Many companies use plasma to make treatments for conditions such as immune deficiencies and bleeding disorders.
Currently many of the corona victims have their immune system week and do not have many antibodies to fight against COVID. So plasma donation is very important now which can boost others immune system and indirectly helps spreading corona. Most of us have a fear that donating plasma may reduce antibodies in our body, but there is nothing like that. In our body plasma generation takes place for every one day. So we can donate plasma without any fear.
Who can donate plasma?
We have universal blood group i.e. O-Positive, this means the people with this blood type can donate their blood to anyone of any blood type. In the same way we have universal plasma donors. The people with AB type blood are considered as universal plasma donors. They can give plasma to patient of any blood type. So the immediate plasma transfusion can be done without any time lapse for patients.
This concept plays a vital role in treating trauma, shock patients who require immediate treatment.
To donate plasma, blood is drawn from your body and is made flow through a machine which separates and collects plasma. The other blood cells such as red blood cells are returned to your body mixed with saline to replace the withdrawn plasma.
Donating plasma is mostly a safe process, but side effects do exist. Donating plasma can cause minor side effects like dehydration and fatigue.
Dehydration is because, plasma contains lots of water. So people may feel dehydrated after donating plasma.
As plasma contains nutrients, salts losing some of these can lead to fatigues. This is another small side effect of plasma donation. Also the nutrients and salts are important In keeping the body alert and maintain proper function. Losing some of these may lead to en electrolyte imbalance. This can result in dizziness and lightheadedness.
To avoid all these you have to take some proper measurements before you decide to donate plasma:
- Know yourself how many times and period between each time you donate Plasma
You can donate plasma once in 28 days up to 13 times a year. The process of Plasma donation can take one or two hours.
- Hydrate yourself before you donate
Take non-alcoholic fluids, drink lots of water and keep yourself more hydrated before you donate. This can help prevent some of the minor side effects due to plasma donation.