DEFAMATION AS AN OFFENCE-

There are famous words said by the scholars that ‘think before you speak’ which means whenever you pass a statement on any person you should be careful what you are speaking knowing all the facts, circumstances but not eligible to pass any defamatory sentence on any person, it comes under the ambit of the offence, even in civil as well as criminal. Now the question comes to our mind the word defamation what it means in the real world, in which section of Indian Penal Code it defines. All these major questions try to answer in this article. A person doesn’t know the meaning of the word ‘defamation’ but the word defamation means that saying something wrong about a person is comes under the ambit of the defamation or defamatory sentence. For instance- ‘A’ is the worker in ‘B’s mill, but ‘B’ states that ‘A’ is not a hardworking person nor even loyal towards his responsibilities, he tries to even steal some money from the locker, without having the proof, records and knowing the facts, but he passes the statement which is defamatory in nature. Then in such cases, it comes under the ambit of defamation. The defamation is also the civil wrong and criminal wrong. The question comes then can we are not capable to say anything about the person, in such case the answer is, if the statement is related to defamation of the person then, it is considered as wrong in the eye of the law. In the Indian Penal Code 1860, the defamation is defined in section 499 to 502 which talks about the offence that anything spoken or with signs, visible representations with the intention to harm the person knowing the reason, that will harm the reputation of the person. In civil, the defamation is further divided into two classifications that we called libel and slander. The libel and slander are two types of defamation, one is by the word spoken or in any defamatory sentence printed or the other is defamation by the signs and representation that is visible to the individual. These two are called that one is for eyes and one is for ear, in any form defamatory sentence which harms the intention of the individual called as an offence. The section of 502of the Indian Penal Code 1860, that anything which is in printed form and engraved form, having a good reason to believe that such matter is defamatory in nature. The punishment for the offence of the defamation is simple imprisonment, which may extend to two years or with the fine or both which means the person is punished as well as eligible to pay the fine as well. We can not say that defamation is limited to symbols, signs that are used as defamatory for the person but the section 502 talks about the sale or printed engraved substance containing defamatory matter which means the person whosoever knowingly sale the defamatory substance just to make defamation of the person and even harms the reputation of the individual and not in the good faith. The legislature gives the person to lives its life at the full extent of freedom but at the same punished the person when any defamatory sentence is passed which harms the reputation of the individual. The constitution of India is the supreme itself impose some reasonable restriction in the article freedom of speech. So in this way, it is good to speak what you think but always make sure whatever you will speak is correct and also have some reasonability grounds to believe nut that statement doesn’t harm the reputation of the individual

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