Optimism is defined as “a mental attitude reflecting a belief or hope that the outcome of some specific endeavor, or outcomes in general, will be positive, favorable, and desirable” by Wikipedia. I bet not many of us lead a smooth comfortable life, this is when one is put into test. Maintaining mental stability, putting a pause to all overthinking & most of all, thinking for the brighter side of things, is what optimism basically means. So a ray of hope Or even imagining the better times or opportunities is also an optimum drive to cheer one up in the faces of troubles.
A true optimist is believed to never give way easily to despair or psychological pain. On the contrary, a pessimist is defined as someone who looks at the negative & gloomy side of life or things. Thus a pessimist may lose interest from humane values and rather indulge in immoral & cruel acts. This may eventually lead to overpowering one’s mind to inculcate all negative qualities than the positives.
Also, lack of optimism or upon completely losing faith from it may compel one to be cynical & disinterested in life. And a severe form of pessimism may cause one to overload the brain with mental depression. This is often a key reason why people commit suicide. To most of us, the Sushant Singh Rajput suicide case clings at the back of our mind. True, the country did lose an exceptionally talented, young & bright actor. Watta pity!
Most of us are quite aware of this widely known idiom, “When life hands you lemons, make lemonade.” Mostly it’s used to encourage optimism in the face of adversity or misfortune. The literal meaning relates to when life hands you lemons that are sour in taste, signifying difficulties in life; rather make lemonade out of it that depicts positivity in life.
One may also deduce it as, when life hands you lemons, rather than cribbing about the situation or fate, look out for ways & means to turn it to your advantage. As it is rightly said, “When one door shuts, another opens.” It isn’t always necessary that solutions shall be readily available served right on your plate. So one just needs to scavenge for ways at times & do the needful.
Not all optimists are of the same type. So let’s explore the different kinds of optimists here :
Dispositional optimism: Also known as the “big optimism”, is an expectation that more good shall happen than bad in the future.
Strategic optimism: This involves one denying risks because he believes to have control over the situation.
Unrealistic optimism: Can also be termed as “impractical optimism”, is when the positive expectations don’t match with the actual evidence.
Comparative optimism: It’s expecting good things for oneself compared to others.
Realistic optimism: Also known as “practical optimism”, is when one keeps a positive outlook even in the constraints of the world.
Situational optimism: This refers to the expectation of a positive outcome in a specific situation.
The most common theory used to illustrate the concept of pessimism vs optimism is a glass half filled with water. An optimist will observe the glass as half full, while a pessimist shall see it as half empty. It is simply the difference of perspective of a person that a situation is viewed differently.