Childhood, the most beautiful moment of human life, nothing to worry nor any responsibility. Just being lost in your head all the time, playing, and reading. But it is not necessary for everyone to have such a childhood.
You will be well aware of the problem of child labor. Any child who is under 14 years of age and works for a living is called a child laborer. Due to poverty, helplessness, and harassment of parents, these children continue to sink into this morass of child labor.
Today there are 215 million children worldwide who are under 14 years of age. And the time of these children does not pass between copy-books and friends in school, but between hotels, houses, industries, utensils, brooms, and tools.
This situation has become very frightening in India. India has the largest number of child laborers in the world. According to the 1991 census, the number of child laborers was 11.3 million. The figure rose to 12.7 million in 2001.
Child labor is a major social problem in developing countries. Children are covered under child labor who work at their playing and reading age. When a child who is under 14 years of age and earns a living earns wages, it is called child labor or child labor. Huh. India has the highest number of child laborers in the world, which is a curse on our country. Poverty is the main cause of child labor. Due to poverty, people get their children to do child labor, so that the family’s income can increase and feed them. Therefore, to stop child labor, it is most important to eradicate poverty. Apart from unemployment, illiteracy is also the main reason for child labor. Apart from this, some greedy contractors get the children to work in the greed of low wages by the shopkeepers. Child labor takes away the childhood of these children.
At the age of jumping, these children do wages, due to which their physical and mental development is not possible. This is dangerous for the future of any country because these children go ahead and build the country. Therefore child labor always proves fatal for the good future of any country. Crime also increases due to child labor. Therefore, the government has also enacted several laws against child labor, but it is necessary to implement those laws properly. Awareness against child labor is necessary for the government as well as in the general public because the government alone cannot ban child labor. We should all help the government to stop child labor, and this is also important.
To improve this situation of child laborers, the Government enacted the Child Labor Act in 1986 under which child labor was considered a crime and raised the minimum age of employment to 14 years. With this, the government has taken steps to eliminate child labor in the form of the National Child Labor Project. The aim of this project is to save children from this crisis. In January 2005, the National Child Labor Project Scheme was extended to 250 districts in 21 different Indian states.
Today, the government has made education up to the eighth compulsory and free, but in the face of poverty and helplessness of the people, this plan also seems to be fruitless. The parents of the children do not send them to school simply because their going to school will reduce the family’s income.