The Indian liberty fighter Lala Lajpat Rai. In the Independence Movement, he played a crucial role. Punjab Kesari was popularly regarded. He was one of the 3 triumvirate of Lal Bal Pal. In its initial stages in 1894, he was also affiliated with Punjab National Bank and the Lakshmi Insurance Company.
Lajpat Rai was born in Dhudike on January 28 1865 in a jain family.
In the late 1870s his father had been moved to the Rewari Higher School in the Rewari province of Punjab, where his father was appointed an Urdu teacher. During Rai’s early years, his father and profoundly religious mother, respectively, influenced Rai’s liberal view and belief in Hinduism, effectively implementing it to establish a political and journalistic career in the reform of religion and Indian politics. In 1880, Lajpat Rai entered the Lahore Government College to study Law and became in contact with patriots, such as Lala Hans Raj and Pandit Guru Dutt, and future freedom defenders. During his study in Lahore, he became a member of the current Arya Samaj Lahore and the founding editor of the Lahore-based Arya Gazette, inspired by the Hinduism reformist movements of Swami Dayanand Saraswaati. When he studied law, he believed strongly that Hinduism was the fundamental point on which an Indian lifestyle was to be founded, above nationality. He thought Hinduism leading to peaceful practises for humanity and the concept that a secular nation could be created by incorporating nationalist ideas to this peaceful belief system. His association with Hindu Mahasabha leaders was criticised in a way that is non-secular by Naujawan Bharat Sabha and that was not in line with the Indian National Congress framework. In the end, this emphasis on Hindu tradition in this subcontinent will lead him to continue peaceful protests for the independence of Indians.
In May 1907 Lala Lajpat Rai was deported to Mandalay, Burma without trial following a departure from the Indian National Congress and political unrest in Punjab.
But in November, when Lord Minto, the viceroy, concluded it was difficult to prove him subversive in ample ways. The supporters of Lajpat Rai tried in December 1907 to secure his election for chair of Surat, but he was unsuccessful.
Bhagat Singh was an alterative of British institutions to the National College, which he established in the Bradlaugh Hall in Lahore. At the 1920 Special Session in Calcutta, he was elected President of the Indian National Congress. He founded Servants of the People’s Society in Lahore in 1921, which moved its base after partition to Delhi and has branches in many regions of India. in 1921 he formed the People Society. According to him, Hindu society must fight against a caste system, women’s position and untouchability in its own right. Vedas were an important part of the Hindu faith, but they could not be read by the lower caste.
Lajpat Rai went on a tour of Sikh villages along America’s West Coast, visited Tuskegee University in Alabama and met the Philippines’ employees in 1917 and returned to the U.S, then during the First World War. His travels, The USA, documents these journeys and includes detailed quotes by leading African American intellectuals such as W.E.B. Du Bois and Fredrick Douglass. He created the Indian Home Rule League in New York as well as a monthly newspaper Young India and Hindustan Information Services. He had petitioned the Senate of the US Parliament’s foreign affairs committee to send a vivid pictorial of British Raj’s mismanagement in India and the Indian people’s aspirations for democracy, among several other points, for moral support for India’s independence. The 32-page petition was debated in the U.S. overnight.
The British government formed the Commission in 1928, led by Sir John Simon, to report on India’s political situation. The Indian political parties boycotted the Commission because it did not have one Indian and had national protests. On 30 October 1928, when the Commission visited Lahore, Lajpat Rai led a non-violent march in protest. The demonstrators sang “Simon is going back” and wore black flags.
On 17 November 1928 he died. He did not recover from his injuries. Doctors claimed Scott’s blows had prolonged his death. The British government, however, denied any involvement in Rai ‘s death when the matter was discussed in the British Parliament. While Bhagat Singh did not withip the case, he pledged to take vengeance because the murder was a major freedom movement leader. In his attempting to kill Scott he carried a message to British Raj, Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar and Chandrashekhar Azad. Bhagat Singh was ordered to shoot John P. Saunders, the assistant police superintendent, on his apparition, in the case of an erroneous identity. On 17 December 1928, when he left Lahore’s District Police Head office, he was shot by Rajguru and Bhagat Singh. Azad ‘s cover fire fatally wounded Chanan Singh, a lead constable who was pursuing them.
This case did not deter the revenge of Bhagat Singh and his Hindustan Socialist Republican Association supporters.