The flow of technology is as strong as a flooded river that no court can embark on such a vast flow of technology but still seeks to prevent damage by making proper dams by actively participating in the electronic maintenance of court records, allowing or even requiring electronic filing of pleadings and orders, and building high-tech court.
Good technology in our courts will make it more efficient to proceed. Electronic displays provide for adequate visualization and analysis of the exhibits. Technology can boost procedural control capabilities, identify deadlines and decide on matters quickly. Judges can place more time constraints on attorneys, provided that technology is more ready to present. You can access, analyze and use technology to inquire into previous cases for lawyers. Lawyers can complete openings, closings, direct questions and cross-examinations in less time than is needed to use paperwork with stable additions or diagrams. The technology in court halls helps lawyers clarify and synthesize courtroom information to increase the jury’s curiosity, comprehension and memory retention. online application and consultation can make their court experience smooth, quick and hazel free. It would also create transparency.
E-justice is seen and performed as an e-government agency. The Indian judiciary consisted of 15,000 judges in 2,500 districts. Since 1990, computerisation has taken place. Under the National EGP, the Mission Mode Project (MMP) was established for court computerization, and the introduction of IT and communication technology in three phases over a period of five years..
The MMP’s key goals are to:
1. To help court judicial administration streamline their day-to-day operations.
2. To support the courts in raising number of pending cases.
3. Providing litigants with accuracy of the facts.
4. Providing Judges with access to legal and judicial resources.
The project was launched in December 2004 and an e-committee was created to oversee its implementation. The E-Committee formulated a regional strategy and action plan. 700 courts in metro cities and 900 courts in capital cities with the exception of North East, Ahmedabad and Patna have been protected to this day.
The NIC has been extremely associated to the Indian judge for the past eleven years. Back in 1990, the task of NIC was initiated to support the legal community through IT.
Through NICNET satellite-based electronic communication network, all the High Courts were computerised and interconnected. Curtis project was commissioned to streamline the different court records. NIC took COURTIS on behalf of all legal system stakeholders, including judges, prosecutors, litigants, legal firms, government departments, researchers and the general public. Forensic and cyber tracing Forensic and cyber tracking data has played a major role in judicial investigation and enquiry. These made investigation smoother and allowing police and judiciary to pin down violator easily.
It requires the use of IT infrastructure in the judicial administration sector. It requires the use of satellite technology, video or intranet technology to communicate. Today, many judicial officers use video conferencing every day and it is connected to prisons. The accused can now be present by tele-justice through a video connection installed on ISDN lines between the prison and the trial. Indian states today have already adopted tele-justice, including Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and Bihar. In Maharashtra, for example, by video conferencing, more than 40 prisons in and around Mumbai are linked to district courts.
Over many years now, courts in the United States have been using Information Technology extensively.
Throughout the United Kingdom, computer software production at the subordinate court level was developed extensively. The Local County Court Management System (LOCCS) for example used in England
In Australia, “Cyber Tribunals” have extensively utilized the technology in the legal arena at all phases, thereby significantly reducing delays.
In Singapore, the courts use their time and resources to ensure that cases are handled effectively and effectively. The use of technology goes beyond computer use for Singapore courts. The use of video cameras in prisons and court premises dramatically decreases the chances of moving the accused and witnesses in criminal trials within the country and from outside.
While we have come a long way in advancing technology, we still have scope for improvement. On-line database program with precedents, citations, rules, laws and case statistics. Word processing with standard templates including notification/process creation. Lack of professional support expertise and a non-flexible budget in the modernisation process
There is no question that technology will profoundly affect future courtroom and litigation procedures, but the degree to which change will occur is subject to an unprecedented amount of problem anticipation and convenience due to what is now referred to as disruptive technologies, that is, innovations that are yet to be developed that will reshape our lives and alter our way of living. However, there are a large number of barriers that need to be addressed in order for the judiciary to operate to its full potential by using information and communication technology. If our judiciary is completely efficient in using new technologies, justice for everyone can be achieved easily and efficiently. It should be our primary objective to give justice quickly and correctly.