Subhas Chandra Bose & INC

Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India but whose attempt to abolish Britain ‘s rule with Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan during the Second World War left a disturbed legacy. The Honorary Netaji was first used in Germany at Bose in early 1942 by Indian Legion soldiers and by German and Indian officials at the Berlin Special Office for India.

In 1938 Bose said he believes that the INC “should have a double aim of winning political independence and creating a socialist regime on a large anti-imperialist front.” Bose became a national leader in 1938 and decided to consider the role of President of the Congress. He defended Swaraj without qualifications, including the use of force against the British. The outcome was a conflict with the President of Bose and Mohandas Gandhi who separated the NCP.

But Gandhi instructed Bose to make his own office. Bose tried to preserve unity. Bose and Nehru were separated by the rift. Bose appeared on a stretcher at the 1939 Congress. In the intra-congress struggle U MTHURAMALINGAM Thevar strongly supported BOSE was elected again as president over Pattabhi Sitaramayya as his preferred candidate. Thevar mobilised all the votes for Bose in South India. But Bose had to withdraw from the presidency of Congress because of the manoeuvres of the Gandhi-leading clique in the Congressional Working Committee.

In the Indian National Congress, on 22 June 1939, Bose formed a political party for the All India Forward Bloc to boost the political left, but its main strength was Bengal, its home state. The Forward Block was joined by U Muthuramalingam Thevar who from the beginning strongly supposedly supported Bose. Thevar organised a huge rally at his reception when Bose visited Madurai on 6 September.

When Subhas Chandra Bose was going to Madurai, he passed through the Madras and stayed for three days at the Gandhi peak at the invitation of Muthuramalinga Thevar to gain support to the Forward Bloc. He was quite impressed by his methodical and systematic approach and his steadfast disciplinary outlook on life despite his apparent dislike of British subjugation. In England, Lord Halifax, Lansbury, Clement Attlee, Arthurs Verde, Harold Laski, JB Haldane, Ivor Jennings, G D H Cole, Gilbert Murray and Sir Stafford Cripps, were shared with representatives from the British Labor Party and political thinkers.

He came to believe that, as Turkey’s Kemal Atatürk, for at least two decades, an independent Indian required socialist authoritarianism. Bose was denied a permission to visit Atatürk in Ankara for political reasons by the British authorities. Only the Labor Party and Liberal leaders agreed to meet him during Bose ‘s stay in England to arrange appointments with several politicians, though. Officials of the Conservative Party declined to meet him or show him kindness for being a politician from a colony. Even the dominion status of India was opposed by leading members of the conservative party in the 1930s. India became independent during Labor’s 1945–51 government, with Attlee as Prime Minister.

Bose called for a major civil disobedience movement to oppose Viceroy Lord Linlithgow’s decision on behalf of India without consulting the leadership of the congress. After Bose had failed to convince Gandhi that it would be necessary, in Calcutta Bose organised mass protests to remove the ‘Holwell Monument’ for the Calcutta Black Hole, which was then situated at the corner of Dalhousie Square. The British threw him into prison, but after a seven-day hunger strike he was released. The CID has been tracking Bose ‘s house in Calcutta.

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