A second epidemic has now spread to China, claiming to have recovered from the Corona epidemic. It is an epidemic- bubonic plague. According to reports, a three-year-old child from Meghai County in Yunnan province of China has been affected by the plague. Only last week there was news of a plague outbreak, but it was confirmed on Sunday. An emergency has now been imposed in the southwestern part of China. Earlier, three mice infected with the plague were also found dead in Yunnan. According to reports, the condition of the child is stable at the moment, but the Chinese administration has declared a fourth level emergency so that the epidemic does not take a form of deterioration.
According to the Chinese government newspaper Global Times, information has been released about the spread of the disease in mice in the Shiding village of Manghai. Two months ago, several cases of plague were reported in northern Mongolia, after which a third level warning was issued across the country. There were 22 suspected plague cases in Mongolia, of which six were confirmed.
Two other cases of bubonic plague were reported in Khovd province in July, after which more than 140 people were investigated. According to reports at the time, a shepherd was exposed to the disease in the northern interior Mongolia region of China. After this, the administration appealed not to hunt animals and eat meat at the local level.
The bubonic plague is also called the ‘black death’. This is a very old epidemic. Due to this, crores of people have died. This pandemic has made people a widespread victim three times until now. Due to this, about five crore people have died for the first time, the second time one-third of Europe’s population, and the third time around 80 thousand people have died.
How is this disease?
According to experts, the disease is caused by bacteria found in wild mice. The disease is transmitted to wild mice and then after its death, plague bacteria enter the human body through fleas. On the bite of these fleas, the infected bacteria get into the person’s blood and the person becomes infected with the plague.
The bacterium that spreads bubonic plague is the Yersinia pestis bacterium. It attacks the body’s lymph nodes (lymph nodes), blood, and lungs. Although it is an old epidemic, its cases continue to be seen even today, as happened in China and Mongolia. In 1994, there were about 700 cases of bubonic plague in India, out of which 52 people died. It is said that the disease was known as the ‘Plague of Justinian’ in the sixth and eighth centuries. About two and a half to five crore people died then. After this, in 1347, when a third of Europe’s population died of bubonic plague, it was named ‘Black Death’. Scientists are making efforts to make the plague vaccine, but this vaccine has not yet been available.