Animal farm which is a ‘fairy story’ as said by the author George Orwell is a satire on the modern history. The novel was published in 1945, but the thoughts and the scenarios presented in the book, makes it relevant now as well. The book is said to be written as a satire mainly focusing on Stalin. Through this book Orwell showed his political stance on idealism deceived by power, corruption in politics, communism and Stalinism. The totalitarian rule is showcased through a story of a farm in an engaging way.
When the animals that were oppressed from Manor Farm defeat their master Mr. Jones, in what they call a revolution, and take over the farm. Pigs, shown as the most intelligent among the animals take the governance in their hands. Slowly and gradually a form of dictatorship begins.
George Orwell, a British writer, famous for his novel ‘1984’ has been a strong political critic and that can be seen in his book Animal Farm. Orwell has seen the Spanish Revolution against the fascism and wrote his book ‘The Homage to Catalonia’. And, that inspired the theme of Animal Farm, which is, a revolution deceiving its supposed aims and purpose. Orwell wrote nine books which changed his lifestyle from being a part of British Imperial Establishment to a literary and political rebel, before he died in 1950.
The easy language and short length of the book makes it easier to read, even for a person who is interested in politics but not in reading big fat novels. Every page of the book is worth reading. If the reader knows the political background of the book or some of the aspects of the novel might be related to the politics the reader’s state, he/she might get closer to the fantasy world created by Orwell. Even if the reader doesn’t want to get deep into the politics and the history of the story presented in the book, the story in itself is a brilliant and interesting one. This is one of the best literary works in the socio-political genre. The book also questions the blind faith that prevails among the public.
One can easily identify the political figures represented through the characters of the book. Napoleon represents Stalin, Old Major represents Karl Marx and there are many more. Role of media and information in the totalitarian rule is also shown in the book. The political power of the book can be seen with the fact that many publishers refused to publish it as Britain and Russia led by Stalin were part of Allies in the World War II. Political assassination, provoking speeches, corruption, all have got a part to play in Orwell’s story.
The last paragraph of the book sums up the story in such a manner that gives goose bumps. And, this last paragraph contains just three lines, this tells about the writing style adopted by Orwell which keeps things short and crisp, but effective. The metaphor of animals fits accurately to the book and is used as a masterstroke by the author. The book is a ‘must read’ for the people interested in socio-political issues, history and for the students studying similar issues as
presented in the book. Orwell’s style of keeping his point in the debates of ideology and politics is unique. This 82-page piece of literature might seem biased from a section’s point-of-view and here is the space where difference in ideologies come into play. The craft is too good and inspirational. This book is Orwell’s views on the Stalinism and agreeing or disagreeing to the views is a personal choice. I personally agree to Orwell’s account of Stalin’s Soviet Union and recommend this book to all.