The Process for Producing Plastic Water Bottles
The production of plastic water bottles requires up to 17 million barrels of oil each year. This amount of oil has the ability to maintain up to one million cars fueled for an entire year. The water bottle production process utilizes the petroleum product polyethylene terephthalate (PET), this product requires an extremely large amount of fossil fuel to both make and transport. Furthermore, the manufacturing of a water bottle requires three times the amount of water needed to fill it. That large amount of water becomes unusable and is wasted due to its exposure to chemicals during the production process.
Harmful effects of plastic
In landfills, floating on oceans, or rivers and on sidewalks. It was approximated that 46,000 pieces of plastic trash are floating on the ocean per square mile. This plastic is killing animals, leaking chemicals and disrupting ecosystems. Moreover, sixty million plastic bottles are disposed of in one day in the Unites States alone, and eighty percent of those bottles end up overflowing landfills. Each bottle can take up to one thousand years to decompose, leaking dangerous and harmful chemicals during the process. Some toxins leaked could cause cancer and reproductive disabilities.
The disposal of plastics is one of the least recognized and most highly problematic areas of plastic’s ecological impact. Ironically, one of plastic’s mostdesirable traits: its durability and resistance to decomposition, is also the source of one of its greatest liabilities when it comes to the disposal of plastics.
What we has responsible citizens can do?
Following a simple reduce, reuse, recycle, lifestyle does not only mean that you are actively saving the environment, it also means that you are benefiting yourself by possibly saving hundreds of dollars using reusable bottles or water fountains. Moreover, you can also go the extra mile to ensure that any plastic you happen to use is indeed being recycled. Additionally, it is crucial to learn to identify false advertising that is promising healthier or cleaner water by doing your own research and understanding the characteristics that make consumable water you can avoid falling victim to large organizational propaganda. Finally and most importantly, you can speak up and spread the word on just how much plastic bottled water is impacting the environment.
Successful Case Studies on Plastics Ban within India:
Case Study: Operation Blue Mountain in Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu
Operation Blue Mountain campaign was led by Supriya Sahu, the district collector in 2001 to ban the use of plastic in the district. The campaign was crucial to unclog the river sources and springs in the popular hill station of Nilgiris. The experiment has been documented by erstwhile Planning Commission and UNDP as the best practice on governance from Indian States. In order to make people understand, the campaign used pictures of choking animals. They also explained how plastic clogs drains and also seeps into the lake and other water bodies.
Case Study: Maharashtra- Ban on Plastics
Maharashtra will be the 18th state in India to ban single-use disposable plastic. Maharashtra has banned disposable products manufactured from plastic and thermocol (polystyrene). Maharashtra plastic ban carries penalties starting at Rs. 5,000 and goes up to Rs 25,000 and 3 months of imprisonment. The government has played a major role by bringing in the law, mechanism of imposing it, the fines and the paraphernalia that goes with the implementation. Now, flower vendors are sending flowers to people’s home in cloth bags. Vegetables are being sold in cloth bags. Women in self-help groups are looking at making jute or cotton bags as a major source of income. Medicines are coming in small paper pouches. Tea and coffee stalls, college canteens and restaurants are doing away with plastics. Also, the corporates like Starbucks, Coca Cola and Bisleri have risen to the occasion and taken up responsibility of collecting waste plastics from Mumbai and recycle it or up-recycle it to different use. People participation can be seen as NGOs, schools, celebrities, industrialists have begun campaigns to beat plastic pollution.