FACTS ABOUT DRONES

In the tech world, we call a drone as ‘Unmanned Aerial Vehicle’. Started as a military invention in the US, drones and their scope of use is growing day by day. At present, civilians and police departments around the world are also enjoying the benefits of the drone technology at an increasing rate. Photography, videography, food-delivery, farming, environmental and crime surveillance, etc. are the activities for which we are using the features of drones. We can buy drones for personal of professional use from any local or online tech or gadget store starting from a range of USD 50 or INR 45,000 to 50,000.

Scope of drones

Drone is another rapidly growing and adaptive gadget which the humans can manipulate for humanitarian causes and as well as causing harm to life and property. From delivering food packets for flood-relief to deadly gunshots on people, drone industry is much diverse and is rising soon creating a boom into the ecommerce delivery system and agricultural industry in the coming years.

But before that, let’s have a look at some important facts about drones which you probably don’t know.

  • Drones are not always remote controlled.

It will surprise you that there are three types of drones according to their piloting methods:

  1. Remotely Piloted Drone–Piloted from a remote station where the drone is not directly visible.
  2. Model Remotely Piloted Drone-Piloted for educational, recreational or experimental usage only within a visible area of sight.
  3. Autonomous Drone–Does not require a pilot. We feed the flight and working instructions into its system before taking off, just like any targeted missile.
  • Drones can legally invade your privacy.

To your shock, there is no national framework or statutory body to govern the use of drones by the police. Police don’t even require a warrant or permission to survey using drone. The drones flown by the police or military drones have ungoverned access to all parts of the United States to gather data except government properties and lands. Many other countries act similarly for regulating drones by government authorities.

  • Can you fly a drone easily in your country?

The drone rules of each country are different and very complex. It takes days or months for common people to get certain licenses and permissions to fly drones in a particular country.

Examples:

  1. A foreigner or a foreign company cannot fly drone in India. To use drone for commercial activities, a foreigner is bound to lease their drone to an Indian company who will get Unique Identification Number (UIN) and drone permit called UAOP (Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit) from DGCA (The Directorate General of Civil Aviation) for the foreigner.
  2. A non-US citizen is bound to take permission and licenses 15 days prior to using drone in the US.
  • Drones have killed lakhs of children

The military, police, and terrorists use attack drones or weaponized drones at the time of warfare. Drones work as small weapons, which is very hard to notice for a common citizen. This reckless use of drone technology by military, police and criminals over the years is taking many lives. Most of the victims are civilians and children.

  • Resolving worst farming and food problems by using drones.

Thermal cameras installed on drones can identify water leakages and identify which crops are getting enough water. A drone can zoom down to even an individual plant. Farmers in Canada and other countries are using drone data for years to calculate the health of the plants.

Categories: Science

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