It is said that man is a fighting animal. This is why there have been so frequent fights between man and man from the earliest times—fights between individuals, tribes, races and nations. In fact, the political history of mankind consists mostly of these conflicts and wars.
At first wars were fought with bows and arrows, swords and spears and horses. Then came guns and cannons and motor vehicles to carry them and the soldiers. Now nations have aeroplanes to drop bombs for quick results. It will be seen that changes in method have made wars more and more horrible. When armies fought with bows and arrows, and swords and spears, there was a spirit of chivalry in them. But victory in modern wars depends on the cowardly act of striking the enemy unaware and unprepared. Development of nuclear weapons threatens to wipe out civilisation altogether.
The horrors of a modern warfare continue even after peace has been concluded. Bombs infect the survivors with poisons of various incurable diseases. Japan is still suffering it after the atom bombs were dropped there. The economic life also of the countries concerned is shattered by destruction, and the miseries of the people know no bound. Indeed, the situation in Europe was so critical after the last war that the U.S.A had to come forward with generous helps for the reconstruction of even enemy countries.
Another dangerous feature of a modern war is that it doesn’t remain confined to a few countries. Almost every country is compelled by the force of circumstances to take sides, so that the war soon turns into a global war.
Unless, therefore, wars are banned, human civilisation is doomed to utter ruin. The United Nations Organisation has been formed with this object in view. And it is duty of every country to strengthen it and help it in setting all international disputes in a peaceful way.