The Secular Concept in India

In India, the concept of secularism was originally born in response to the challenge to the theory of two nations. Indian nationalism proclaimed that India is a secular country and that there is no scope of differentiating between Hindus and Muslims.

Secularism in India is a positive, revolutionary and comprehensive concept which takes within its sweep all the communities in India following several religions. It is not negative in nature, it is not anti-God Or anti-religion; Indian secularism recognises the importance of religion in human life. It believes that no religion has the monopoly of philosophical wisdom. It allows all religions to discharge their function within their legitimate bonds. If citizens wants to worship their God, Indian secularism recognises the need and right for such prayer and worship. It does not prescribe the practice of any religion. Complete freedom of religion is assured in constitution.

secularism can also be non-religious, anti-religion and sceptical. Indian secularism, from this point of view is just non-religious. So long religious functions are held within its legitimate domain, Indian secularism is strictly neutral.

It is remarkable that though the words ‘secular’ and ‘secularism’ are not mentioned in our constitution, it guarantees equality of all religions before law. In that respect Indian Constitution is strictly and essentially founded on secular concept. Indian Constitution guarantees fundamental rights of religious freedom. Secular concept in India has become fully mature in the eyes of the world.

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