The concepts of general health and wellbeing of human beings have been used interchangeably in recent times. Though some variances exist, they deserve attention altogether.
Health, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health itself has some key determinants which include social, economic, and physical environments coupled with race, belief, economic or social condition.
Wellbeing or wellness on the other hand, refers to an optimal state of health expressed as a positive approach to living. It places emphasis on the constant search for good health as an utmost goal.
Health and wellbeing are a constant and dynamic process of change and growth in an effort to meet one’s pinnacle of potential and overall wellness.
Paying attention to health translates into wellbeing, and wellbeing itself comprises eight key dimensions, these are;
Emotional Wellbeing; proper understanding of your feelings and coping effectively with stress is addressed here. Importance should be paid to self-care, stress maintenance, relaxation and growth from experiences.
Environmental Wellbeing; having a lifestyle that is beneficial and respectful to the surroundings. Earth protection is key as being environmentally conscious by raising awareness should be prioritized.
Financial Wellbeing; this refers to learning how to successfully manage financial expenses. Money plays a cardinal role in our lives and the absence of it impacts health alongside overall performance.
Intellectual Wellbeing; new ideas and continuous lifelong learning find a resting place in an open mind. Expansion of knowledge is encouraged through scholastic or community activities.
Occupational Wellbeing; enjoying what you do for a living and appreciating your contributions. This angle of wellbeing encourages personal satisfaction and improves one’s life worth through work.
Physical Wellbeing; this deals with being responsible for your heart and seeking care when the need arises. Exercising, eating and sleeping well, and paying attention to signs of illness are crucial to physical wellbeing.
Social Wellbeing; Creation of a support network and actively engaging in social roles effectively. Development of valuable relationships with peers and intimate relationships with partners is encouraged here.
Spiritual Well Being; meaning and purpose are the main focus, and spiritual fulfilment can be achieved through relaxation or religion. Someone who is spiritually well knows which resources to use to cope with life’s everyday issues.