Kerala retained back its number 1 position in Niti Aayog’s sustainable development index: Niti Aayog shared sustainable development goals (SDG) index on Thursday. Kerala retained it’s position and again secured 1st position on sustainable development goals (SDG) index. Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh shared the second spot on the rankings. Bihar again remained at the bottom of rankings in SDG index. Bihar was preceded by Assam and Jharkhand and was having least SDG index.
Sustainable Development Index is developed and designed by NITI Aayog in consultation with the UN. It measures the progress at both national and subnational levels in journey of country to the global goals and targets that it wishes to acquire. It’s rankings measure every state’s performance on sixteen global sustainable development goals. These are some development aspects ranging from No poverty to gender equality, or quality education to climate action or life below water. For example- Odisha topped the life below water.
Mizoram showed most improvement in this index as compared to that of last year 2019, with some sharp boosts to responsible consumption and production goals and good health and well being and some other factors. Following it, Haryana and Uttarakhand showed most improvement in sustainable development goals index this year as compared to 2019.
Out of the 16 sustainable development goals, about 9 goals showed positive effect throughout the nation. These 9 goals include good health and well being, affordable and clean energy, clean water and sanitation, reduced inequalities, sustainable cities and communities, responsible consumption and production, climate action, life on land, and at last, peace, justice, and strong institutions. However as per NITI Aayog report two goals need extra attention. These two goals are zero hunger and gender equality.
The launch of the index was earlier scheduled to be released on March 10. But it was postponed when the Election Commission of India enforced the model code of conduct in the run-up to the state elections. The vice chairman of NITI Aayog Rajiv Kumar gave a statement related to the report of SDG index during launch of it. He said that monitoring SDGs through the SDG India Index & Dashboard is noticed widely around the world and is also applauded worldwide. He said that “It remains a rare data-driven initiative to rank our States and Union Territories by computing a composite index on the SDGs. We are confident that it will remain a matter of aspiration and emulation and help propel monitoring efforts at the international level,” NITI Aayog Member (Health) VK Paul also said that “It is clear that by working together we can build a more resilient and sustainable future, where no one is left behind“
The Sustainable Development Goals index is developed in collaboration with the United Nations. It tracks and monitors all states and union territories on 115 indicators on basis of Statistics Ministry’s National Indicator Framework or NIF. As per NITI Aayog, SDG index 2020 is more robust than all other previous editions. As it’s report is on a broader scale of coverage and also it is based on indicators with alignment with National Indicator Framework (NIF) .