Communication is a process through which information transfers from one place, person or group to another.
• Keith Davis define communication: a process of passing information and understanding from one person to another.
• John Adair defined it as: essentially the ability of one person to make contact with another and make himself or herself understood.
• Peter Little defined it as: a process by which information is transmitted between individuals and / or organizations so that an understanding response results.
Every communication process at least involves one sender, message and receiver. It’s a complex process. Transferring of message through sender till receiver could be effecter huge range of stuff. There are many barriers between the process which tend to distort the message.
Here is some barrier of communication which hinders the transmission process:
- Physical barriers:
Communication is always two-way process, the distance between the sender and receiver of the message is an importance barrier of communication. Environment and noise also block the communication
- Personal barriers: This barrier consists of difference in judgement, social values, inferiority complex, bias, attitude, pressure of time, inability to communicate, prejudice. widen the psychological difference between the communicator and the communicate. Credibility gap, i.e., inconsistency between what one says and what one interpreter, acts as a barrier to communication.
- Semantic Barriers:
The same words and symbols carry different meanings for other. Difficulties in communication arise when the communicator and the communicate of the message use words or symbols in different senses.
People interpret the same message in terms of their own behaviour and experience. Sometimes, the language used by the sender may not be at all be known by the receiver.
- Emotional Barriers:
The emotional IQ of a person determines the ease and comfort with which he/she could communicate with one other. A person who is emotionally mature will be able to communicate much more effectively then those, people who let their emotions take over will face certain difficulties during the process of communication.
A perfect mixture of emotions and facts is essential for effective communication process. Emotions like anger, frustration, humour, can blur the decision-making process and capacities of an individual and thus limit the effectiveness of their communication with other.
- Cultural Barriers:
The world is getting more globalized by the time. Different cultures have a different value for several thing in our society. Dressing, Religions or food, drinks, pets, and the general behaviour differ from one culture to another. Hence, we must take these different cultures into account our while communicating.
- Physiological Barriers:
Disorders or diseases or other limitations could also hinder effective communication process between the various channels of an organization. The shrillness of voice, dyslexia are few examples of physiological barriers. somehow, these are not crucial because they can easily be managed and removed.
- Technological Barriers:
The technology is developing fast and it becomes difficult to keep up with all the newest technology. Hence somehow the technological advance may become a barrier.
- Socio-religious Barriers:
socio-religious barriers are the prejudice which is present in our society. In a patriarchal society, a woman, transgender or even any particular community may face many difficulties while communicating.
- Linguistic Barriers:
Language is the most common tool of communication. The language barrier is one of the prime barriers that limit communication process.
- Non-verbal barriers:
It includes raising eyebrows, bulging eye, keep your hands and thumbs constantly in the pockets of his trousers, awkward gesture, flashing eyes, rolling eyes, quick movement, very slow movement avoiding eyes.
- Miscellaneous barriers:
It includes premature evaluation of message, information overload, distrust, threat, fear, emotional reaction, rigidity in attitude.