Leadership is the ability of any manager to induce his subordinates to work with confidence and zeal. Leadership makes a person responsible for his/her acts. It is the art of motivating a group of people To achieve a common goal. An effective leader is one who creates an inspiring vision of the future, motivates people to engage with the vision, ensures and manages the execution of the vision, builds a team to achieve the particular vision.
There are different types of leadership, they are called leadership styles. Leadership styles refers to the way in which one leads and guides their sub-ordinates. These leadership styles determine how much power is used by the person to lead their sub-ordinates. Ultimately z the best leaders are the ones who tend to be flexible and manage the enforcement of all the styles of leadership.
The different leadership styles are as follows:
- Autocratic leadership style- Autocratic leadership style is a style where the authority and decision making lies in the hands of the leader. It is focused only on the leader. Here there is no consultation with the subordinates to take any decisions. Certain advantages of autocratic style of leadership are that decision making is speedy and there is no consultation required and there is less stress on the subordinates for making any decisions. Certain disadvantages of autocratic style of leadership is that it can become frustrating for the subordinates as there is lack of freedom and communication becomes tough. Lack of flexibility is another disadvantage as one has to follow the orders by the leader and cannot share their ideas and inputs. This type of leadership can be used only when speedy decision making is required and when close supervision is required.
- Democratic/Participative leadership- Democratic leadership is a way of leadership where the subordinates participate actively in the decisions to be taken in the organisation. Here, the leader shares the information with employees with respect to anything which affects their work and responsibilities. It often leads to open discussion. Though discussions are allowed, the ultimate responsibility and decision making lies in the hands of the leader. Certain advantages of Participative style of leadership is that it generates trust and team building at work and allows for creativity and helps employees grow. Certain disadvantages of Participative style of leadership is that decision making tends to be slow as there is a lot of discussion involved with everyone to participate and decide and that a leader might as well become over-dependent on the subordinate or the team, and if the team fails, the leader fails too.
- Coaching style leadership- This type of leadership involves the leader to become the head or the coach and under this type of leadership, the leader makes the subordinates feel that they have a power within themselves and induces them to unlock their potential. Example, the Indian cricket team has a head coach, batting coach and a bowling coach for leading them to perform better in every match.
- Affiliative leadership- This is a leadership style which describes the phrase people come first. This is the type of leadership in which the leader gets up close with the subordinate. It’s main aim is to achieve harmony and to form collaborative relationships with teams. Examples of such leadership style is when there are conflicts to be solved within a team or within two different teams.
- Free rein leadership- This type of leadership is the exact opposite of autocratic leadership. Here, the superior trusts that the subordinates know what they have to do and tend not to overpower them or to supervise them. It gives the subordinates the freedom to work in their own way but at the same time, there should be a goal or a direction to be aimed and focussed at for both the leader and the sub-ordinate.
- Transformational leadership- Transformational leader is the one who creates a model of what they want to achieve, create goals accordingly and also guides the subordinates in achieving them. They motivate the subordinates to perform well and inspire them to strive for greater heights.