ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA:

INTRODUCTION:

Article 324 of the Constitution provides that the power of superintendence, direction and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, the office of president of India and the office of vice-president of India shall be vested in the election commission.Incumbent Sushil Chandra since 13 April 2021.

FORMED:

25 January 1950.Thus, the Election Commission currently consists of a Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners. The decisions of the commission are taken by a majority vote. Sushil Chandra is the current 24th Chief Election Commissioner and the two Election Commissioners are Rajiv Kumar and Anup Chandra Pandey.Functions of Public Service Commissions. It shall be the duty of the Union and the State Public Service Commissions to conduct examinations for appointments to the services of the Union and the services of the State respectively.Originally at the beginning, National emergency could be declared on the basis of “external aggression or war” and “internal disturbance” in the whole of India or a part of its territory under Article 352.Sh. Rajiv Kumar took charge as Election Commissioner in ECI on 1st September 2020. Prior to assuming charge in Election Commission, Sh. Rajiv Kumar had been Chairman, Public Enterprises Selection Board.

FIRST WOMAN ELECTION COMMISSIONER OF INDIA:

V. S. Ramadevi (15 January 1934 – 17 April 2013) was an Indian-British Raj stateswoman who was the first lady become the 13th Governor of Karnataka and 9th Chief Election Commissioner of India from 26 November 1990 to 11 December 1990. She was the first woman to become Chief Election Commissioner of India.

FUNCTION:

The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India. The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country.Article 324 of the Constitution provides that the power of superintendence, direction, and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, the office of the president of India, and the office of vice-president of India shall be vested in the election commission.The body of administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies, State Legislative Councils and the offices of the President and Vice President of the country.The Election Commission operates under the authority of Constitution per Article 324, and subsequently enacted Representation of the People Act.

The commission has the powers under the Constitution, to act in an appropriate manner when the enacted laws make insufficient provisions to deal with a given situation in the conduct of an election. Being a constitutional authority, Election Commission is amongst the few institutions which function with both autonomy and freedom, along with the country’s higher judiciary, the Union Public Service Commission and the Comptroller and Auditor General of India. It is a permanent constitutional body.

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