There is a deep silence, malaise afflicting children with untold suffering, illness and endless crying. It is called as violence in childhood. Child help organisation defines it as, “Child abuse is when a parent or caregiver, whether through action or failing to act, causes injury, death, emotional harm or risk of serious harm to a child. There are many forms of child ill-treatment, some are neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, exploitation and emotional abuse” Regardless of every affirmative action taken with respect to children through many acts and amendments, their condition is still the same over the period of time. The fact that children are the most vulnerable section of the society has not gained that amount of deserving attention even after decades of independence. Starting from the first 5-Year Plan, successive governments came up with numerous policy reforms and laws for changing the conditions of children and improve their standards of living. Even now exploitation, abuse, labour and abandonment remain the ground reality of children across the nation. National Legal Services Authority have stated that due to COVID lockdown bring rise in domestic violence; complaints rose by 131%. This situation has been seen from countries like Brazil to Germany, Greece, china to India.
Violence against children not just cause physical harm additionally deeply traumatic child; even drag them to psychological disorders. The pain and sleepless night they go through is indescribable, they were deliberately pushed into something where they never desire too. At the span of their learning and exploring novel things all the acquire is ill treatment by their parents, mistreated by their peers or society. This is where the carve of their living fade away, they lost their shine in their eyes, somewhere smile on their glittery face vanish. Children always regarded as future of the country, violence against them can seriously impeding the country’s development.
India has one of the largest children population across the world, with over 480 million children. Around 66 per cent of children in age of 1-18 face some sort of physical abuse in south Asia while more than half 53 per cent of kids face sexual abuse. It was estimated that 80% of the children in India face violent disciplining at home. There are some little one who face violence before they even born, some report revealed that the women who are the victim of abuse at home can develop complications during their pregnant. Even more likely to have preterm births, beside their children are at possible risk of low birth-weight, physical and mental disability or disorder.
Amid the consequences of child abuse remain the same; it became necessary to address the different types of Child Abuse to not only just to understand their occurrence, but to also derive a clear idea to distinguish its different types so at the end eventually became possible to find necessary solution.
On 2006, the World Health Organization distinguishes four types of child ill-treatment: physical abuse; sexual abuse; emotional (or psychological) abuse; and neglect.
Ordinarily, eradicating violence against children and women societally won’t happen because it is considered as taboo or ‘private affair’. There is nothing private about man beating his child and wife. It should be taken into the account of state, must prevent it from happening. Parents occurs to be role model of their child as entitled to received unconditional love should provide emotional support plus motivate their kid to learn. They have to teach and train their child to became responsible citizen as adult. As it was once told that “If we change the beginning of the story, we can change the whole the story”. Childhood award us the memories which we treasure till death. Parents must not exploit child to turn into beast. Violence during childhood only breeds fear. Freedom from fear is as fundamental to life as must as freedom from want or hunger.