Top Programming Languages

In this era of technology, everyone wants to be the best in their fields but as there are many options to learn, it becomes difficult to start from somewhere. These are the top programming language, some of them have been on this list for a very long and some of them have made their entry in recent years. A programming language is a computer language used to implement the algorithm and produce a specific output. It has two parts, syntax and semantics. Syntax is the form of writing and semantics is the meaning of the language. As technology is advancing at a very fast rate, one needs to keep up with the new programming languages too. Companies hire those developers who are willing to learn and one is able to adapt to change. The Top 10 languages according to GeeksforGeeks:

  1. JavaScript: It was designed by Brendan Eich of Netscape, it first appeared on December 4, 1995. Its paradigm is event-driven, functional, imperative. Many of the big companies like Microsoft, Facebook, etc. use JavaScript. It can be used for both front-end and back-end development.
  2. Python: Python surpassed Java to become the second top programming language. It has seen massive growth in the last 5 years. It is a multi-paradigm and object-oriented programming language. It was designed by Guido Van Rossum and it first appeared in February 1991.
  3. C/C++:  C was designed by Dennis Ritchie at the Bell Labs and it first appeared in 1972. It is a low-level programming language but it is very useful as it’s a cross-platform language. C++ was developed by Dennis Ritchie as an extension of the c language.
  4. Java: It was designed by James Gosling and its developer is Oracle Incorporation. It first appeared in May 1995. An object-oriented language, it works on the principle of Write once Run everywhere (WORA). The syntax of java is a bit the same as that of C and C++
  5. R language: It was developed by Ross lhaka and Robert Gentleman, it first appeared in August 1993. R is an open-source programming language, it is an emerging language as it is very useful for Data Science and Statistical analysis.
  6. Kotlin: It was designed by JetBrains and first appeared in July 2011. It is mainly used for android app development and Google announced that it’s the preferred language for android app developers.
  7. C#: It is a general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft, it first appeared in 2000. It is used for Game Development.
  8. PHP: It is a cross-platform, object-oriented programming language. Companies like Facebook, WordPress, Wikipedia use PHP
  9. Go: It is a compiled programming language designed by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson at Google. It first appeared in November 2010 Its syntax is similar to C.
  10. Scala: It is statistically typed and it is a general-purpose programming language It is object-oriented and supports functional programming as well. Designed by Martin Odersky, it first appeared in January 2004.