Sentences : Simple, Compound, Complex

Sentence: A set of words that is complete in itself, typically containing a subject and predicate, conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command, and consisting of a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses.
these are three types 
1) Simple sentence
2) Compound sentence
3) Complex sentence

Simple Sentence: A Simple sentence has only one Subject and one Predicate. [OR] A Simple sentence has only one Finite Verb. Sentence consists of two parts:   The moon was bright and we could see our way.
1. The moon was bright.
2. We could see our way.
The Co-Ordinating Conjunction “and’ join these two parts. Each part contains a Subject and a Predicate of its own. Thus, each part is what we call a Clause. We further notice that each clause makes good sense by itself and could stand a separate sentence. Therefore, each clause is independent of the other or the same order and is called a Principal or Main Clause.

Compound Sentence: A sentence, such as the second, made up of Principal or Main Clauses, is called a Compound Sentence. [OR] A Compound sentence is one made up of two or more Principal or Main Clauses. Sentence: Night came on and rain fell heavily and we all got very wet.
1.Night came on.
2. Rain fell heavily.
3. We all got very wet.
Such a sentence is also called a Compound sentence.

Complex sentence: A complex sentence consists of one main clause and one more Subordinate Clause. Sentence : They rested when evening came.
1. They rested .
2. When evening came.
Each part contains a Subject and a Predicate of its own and forms part of a large sentence. Each part is, therefore, a Clause. We further notice that the Clause, They rested, makes good sense by itself and could stand by itself as a complete sentence. It is therefore called the Principal or Main Clause. The clause, when evening came, cannot stand by itself and make good sense. It is dependent on the clause they rested . It is therefore called a Dependent or Subordinate Clause. A sentence, such as the fourth, is called a Complex Sentence.

Maroju Sanjana


Categories: News